Introjection definition mental health

Introjection is a psychological defense mechanism where the subject replicates in themselves behaviors, attributes or other fragments of the surrounding world, especially of other people. Associated concepts are identificationincorporation and internalization. To use a simple example, a person who picks up traits from their friends e. According to the psychoanalyst Freudthe ego and the superego are constructed by introjecting external behavioral patterns into the subject's own persona.

Introjection is also the name of a defense mechanismwhich handles threats from the outside that can potentially cause anxiety by infolding them into the internal world of the subject, where they can be neutralized or alleviated. More specifically introjection means incorporating attributes, attitudes or qualities of an absent person of high significance for example, mother gone to work or relative gone to heaven into oneself.

One example often used is when a child envelops representational images of his absent parents into himself, simultaneously fusing them with his own personality.

Projection has been described as an early phase of introjection. In this context introjection is an extension of autoerotic interests that broadens the ego by a lifting of repression so that it includes external objects in its make-up.

Maria Torok defends this meaning in her essay The Illness of Mourning and the Fantasy of the Exquisite Corpse where she argues that Sigmund Freud and Melanie Klein confuse introjection with incorporation and that Ferenczi's definition remains crucial to analysis. She emphasized that in failed mourning 'the impotence of the process of introjection gradual, slow, laborious, mediated, effective ' means that 'incorporation is the only choice: fantasmatic, unmediated, instantaneous, magical, sometimes hallucinatory According to Freudthe ego and the superego are constructed by introjecting external behavioral patterns into the subject's own person.

Of course, Freud had a habit of looking at relational mechanisms in negative terms [ citation needed ]. In Freudian terms, introjection is the aspect of the ego's system of relational mechanisms which handles checks and balances from a perspective external to what one normally considers 'oneself', infolding these inputs into the internal world of the self-definitions, where they can be weighed and balanced against one's various senses of externality.

For example:. According to D. Winnicott "projection and introjection mechanisms In Gestalt therapy the concept of "introjection" is not identical with the psychoanalytical concept. Central to Fritz and Laura Perls ' modifications was the concept of "dental or oral aggression", when the infant develops teeth and is able to chew.

They set "introjection" against "assimilation". In Ego, Hunger and Aggression [4] Fritz and Laura Perls suggested that when the infant develops teeth, he or she has the capacity to chew, to break apart food, and assimilate it, in contrast to swallowing before; and by analogy to experience, to taste, accept, reject or assimilate. Laura Perls explains: "I think Freud said that development takes place through introjection, but if it remains inrojection and goes no further, then it becomes a block; it becomes identification.

Introjection is to a great extent unawares. Thus Fritz and Laura Perls made "assimilation", as opposed to "introjection", a focal theme in Gestalt therapy and in their work, and the prime means by which growth occurs in therapy. In contrast to the psychoanalytic stance, in which the "patient" introjects the presumably more healthy interpretations of the analyst, in Gestalt therapy the client must "taste" with awareness his or her experience, and either accept or reject it, but not introject or "swallow whole".

Hence, the emphasis is on avoiding interpretation, and instead encouraging discovery.

introjection definition mental health

This is the key point in the divergance of Gestalt therapy from traditional psychoanalysis — growth occurs through gradual assimilation of experience in a natural way, rather than by accepting the interpretations of the analyst. This wiki. This wiki All wikis. Sign In Don't have an account? Projection, introjection, and projective identification: a reformulation. Am J Psychoanal 64 4 : — New York, London: W.

Categories :.All rights reserved. A psychological defense mechanism involving appropriation of an external happening and its assimilation by the personality, making it a part of the self. An unconscious defense mechanism in which one incorporates characteristics of another person or object into one's own psyche. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. Mentioned in? References in periodicals archive? Increased psychological stress: Some participants applied silence and introjection strategies against questions raised by others, stigma, and husband's mental as well as physical violence.

It is joined by identified motivation, which is relatively autonomous, as these two forms of autonomous extrinsic motivation are distinct from both introjectionwhich is more controlled than self-determined, and external regulation, which is fully controlled. To nurture or groom? The parent-founder succession dilemma.

In the motivation portion of the questionnaire, contrary to the researchers' expectations, the Chinese children did not score lower than their Caucasian counterparts on introjection. Although much of the current research on cultural norms indicates Asian parents use less praise and more "shaming" as motivational and disciplinary techniques, 5 this apparently did not lead to high scoring responses in this area.

What's new in pedagogy research. Delight or distraction: an exploratory analysis of Sabbath-keeping internalization. In Freud's tripartite dissection of the psyche, the superego represents the introjection of the punishing Father and the norms of society, an internalization that is charged with the power of the id, and like the id, is insulated from the external world.

The 21st century economics and history have determined abjection in the New World; economic collapse has become conducive to a fatal prevention of the usual introjection Kristeva talks about; therefore we have abomination and, in the end the unleashing of the "persecutive powers" in Auster's text--the fist punching the officer and the police forcefully evicting the squatters.

The artist's hand: the aesthetics of loss in Paul Auster's Sunset Park. The hallucinatory logic that undergirds human relations to gauna, then, shades quickly from projection to introjectionparticularly in the sense Maria Torok retrieves from the writings of Sandor Ferenczi.

Abjection, projection, introjection: notes toward a cyberpunk ecology 3. Astral 7- Introjection 8- Return against oneself 9. A study of the relationships between the components of sensation seeking and defense styles with aggressiveness of the high school students of Miyandoab. This is where Ferenczi's theory of introjection becomes helpful. Introjection refers to behaviors that are regulated by internal pressures such as guilt or anxiety.

The relationship between youth sport specialization, reasons for participation, and youth sport participation motivations: a retrospective study.

Medical browser? Full browser?At its simplest, introjection is the process of misunderstanding the feelings that come from the outside as coming from the inside. Although introjection tends to be a more primitive defense, it can sometimes be used in a healthy way. For example, introjection is the internalization of authority that we all need.

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According to Freudwe all internalize the values and judgments of our parents and society at large, thus making it a part of our own psyche and self-identity.

More often, however, introjection is a destructive process. Under conditions of fear and abusepeople will sometimes take on the qualities and feelings of their abuser in order to control fear, emotional pain, and anxiety. In other words, instead of feeling like a helpless victim, they become the powerful inflictor. This is often seen in characters that are prone toward impulsivity, sadism, and explosivity.

Introjection can also be seen in the grieving process and its relation to depression. When we are deeply attached to those we love, we introject them- in other words; they become a part of ourselves. If we lose this person, we feel we are diminished, and a part of ourselves have died. A sense of emptiness can ensue, which can be part of the grieving process. If, however, we are overly focused on how to restore the lost object rather than how to have a life of meaning without them, then depressive guilt can ensue.

We may become over-preoccupied with the irrational feeling that we did something to cause their death. In our neighbourhood we recently had 4 tragic suicides. A mentally ill parent committed suicide and exactly a year later her son did the same in the same way at the same place. In another case a mentally ill mother hanged herself.

Five or six years later her daughter did the same.

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Would there cases be extreme examples of introjection? Your email address will not be published. All rights reserved.

introjection definition mental health

Call For An Appointment What is It? Identifying With the Aggressor More often, however, introjection is a destructive process.In psychoanalysisintrojection German : Introjektion is the process by which the subject replicates behaviors, attributes, or other fragments of the surrounding world, especially of other subjects. It is considered a self-stabilizing defense mechanism used when there is a lack of full psychological contact between a child and the adults providing that child's psychological needs.

To use a simple example, a person who picks up traits from his or her friends is introjecting. Projection has been described as an early phase of introjection. In this context, introjection is an extension of autoerotic interests that broadens the ego by a lifting of repression so that it includes external objects in its make-up.

Torok defends this meaning in her essay "The Illness of Mourning and the Fantasy of the Exquisite Corpse", where she argues that Sigmund Freud and Melanie Klein confuse introjection with incorporation and that Ferenczi's definition remains crucial to analysis.

She emphasized that in failed mourning 'the impotence of the process of introjection gradual, slow, laborious, mediated, effective ' means that 'incorporation is the only choice: fantasmatic, unmediated, instantaneous, magical, sometimes hallucinatory According to Freud, the ego and the superego are constructed by introjecting external behavioral patterns into the subject's own person.

Specifically, he maintained that the critical agency or the super ego could be accounted for in terms of introjection and that the superego derives from the parents or other figures of authority. In Freudian terms, introjection is the aspect of the ego's system of relational mechanisms which handles checks and balances from a perspective external to what one normally considers 'oneself', infolding these inputs into the internal world of the self-definitions, where they can be weighed and balanced against one's various senses of externality.

For example:. According to D.

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Winnicott"projection and introjection mechanisms In Gestalt therapythe concept of "introjection" is not identical with the psychoanalytical concept. Central to Fritz and Laura Perls ' modifications was the concept of "dental or oral aggression", when the infant develops teeth and is able to chew. They set "introjection" against "assimilation".

In Ego, Hunger and Aggression[7] Fritz and Laura Perls suggested that when the infant develops teeth, he or she has the capacity to chew, to break apart food, and assimilate it, in contrast to swallowing before; and by analogy to experience, to taste, accept, reject or assimilate.

Laura Perls explains: "I think Freud said that development takes place through introjection, but if it remains introjection and goes no further, then it becomes a block; it becomes identification.

Introjection is to a great extent unawares. Thus Fritz and Laura Perls made "assimilation", as opposed to "introjection", a focal theme in Gestalt therapy and in their work, and the prime means by which growth occurs in therapy. In contrast to the psychoanalytic stance, in which the "patient" introjects the presumably more healthy interpretations of the analyst, in Gestalt therapy the client must "taste" with awareness his or her experience, and either accept or reject it, but not introject or "swallow whole".Social Work Exam Prep Programs.

First, I want you to think about introjection and identification as being very similar and on a continuum; introjection usually leads to identification.

It is highly unlikely that they will have you discriminate between the two on the exam given their similarities. Introjection occurs when a person internalizes the ideas or voices of other people-often external authorities.

Over time, this might lead to identification with the individual who said it. They might follow a similar career path, dress similarly, and take on other similar belief systems.

Another simple example is a child is being bullied at school. The bullied child may unconsciously begin acting like the bully to avoid being further picked on. A young married couple presents for counseling due to ongoing disagreements about roles within their marriage.

Defense mechanism of The Week: Introjection

As the head of the house, I expect to be respected like my mother respected my father. Share your answer and rationale in the comments section below and check back in tomorrow for an explanation of the correct answer!

Check out our social work licensure requirements by state page to find out what you need to do and how to get started. Save Save.Here's an outline of what this free ACT study guide includes:Feature image: Alberto G. Without a doubt, all of these topics are critical for making the most of your prep and staying confident on test day.

From there, we dive into content review and tips for each section before finishing up with suggestions for planning your ACT prep and picking a test date. However, we strongly recommend working through all of our guides more or less in order so that you're not overlooking any crucial info you need to know. It can also be helpful to read guides on topics you already know to refresh your memory.

If you're pressed for time, feel free to read part of this guide and come back to it later. In fact, we strongly recommend bookmarking this page to make it easier to return to later.

introjection definition mental health

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Introjection, Internalization, Identification, Oh My!

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introjection definition mental health

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